IBIO-3804 Multiphysics Modeling and Simulation: Applications in Biomedical Processes
Today’s product, process and equipment design are characterized by several critical factors, often driven by fierce competition: the need to reduce cost, need to reduce time to market, and need to make dramatic changes. In the traditional approach to design, engineers construct a physical prototype and test it in the laboratory. Physical prototypes have many major drawbacks: they are typically expensive to build and modify, and by their very nature, lead to lengthy design cycles, repeatability can be difficult (it is often destructive) and dramatic changes can be harder to conceive.
Computer prototyping or simulation-based design has become an important supplement to the design process, sometimes drastically reducing the amount of physical prototyping. In computer prototyping, one builds a computer model using mathematical equations that is as close to the physical model as possible–the exact shape and size and the exact physical process. The popularity of computer prototyping can be attributed to the tremendous advancement in computer hardware and software that has minimized the need for mathematical expertise and effort to a bare minimum so that the user can concentrate on the manipulation of the “physical” process on the computer.
This course will introduce computer prototyping using a physics-based simulation software that is used extensively in industry. To avoid potential misuse of the software, we learn not to use it as a black box. We do this by discussing (although briefly) the components of such a software–the governing equations, numerical solution of the equations, etc. We look at heat and mass transfer problems in biomedical/biological processes such as cryosurgery, hyperthermia, and drug delivery. Close to half of the course is dedicated to design projects that you choose and work in small groups (each group has a different project).
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