LITE-4314 From Cristobal Colon to Sarmiento: Colonial Ethnografers

The course looks at the ethnic representations in Latin America from the Conquest to Independence. There will be a critical approach to a large heterogeneous mass of races, ethnicities and languages that fall under the various social discourses to explore and reflect on the multiple meanings of cultural differences and similarities constructed within colonial societies, on plantations, in mines, colonial cities and educated cities as well. It will examine the permanent construction, and challenge of reformulation of identity and otherness stories at different times of the Latin American cultural history. Also, the image formation of the savage, the evangelist, the stories about the failure of the Conquest, and the formation of hybrid identities. It will also explore the emergence of the criolla consciousness in America, between the American elites during the Baroque and the enlightenment in the XVII and XVIII centuries, and the tensions and ambivalences of the educated city and the others. As cultural resources we will use cartography, engraving, indigenous codices, paintings and films. Central themes: 1) The European imagination in front of the Discovery of the new land and people